Atomic number and mass number

Should you want to know, the atomic number of an atom is the number of protons it contains. The atoms of different elements all have different numbers of protons. Meanwhile, the mass number of an atom consists of the total … Read More

Things you should really learn about the elements

Just so you know, there are approximately 100 elements out there (that we know of at least). All 100 elements are shown in the periodic table, however only 92 of these elements occur naturally on Earth. This is because the … Read More

Atoms and electrons

One thing you won’t be able to escape in physics is learning the makeup of an atom. I’m sorry, but it’s just something you have to know. Now we’ve got that sorted, let’s get down to the basics. As you … Read More

All you need to know about stars

As you probably know already, a star is a luminous sphere of plasma held together by its own gravity. The Sun is a pretty spectacular example of a star – and it’s also the closest one to our planet, Earth. … Read More

Important definitions, equations and theories to remember

As you’re no doubt aware, the universe is an incredibly complicated entity. This means there’s a lot for you to learn. But don’t fret; we’ve got everything you need to know right here. To help you out, we’ve arranged each … Read More

Algebraic expressions

Dreaded algebra. It doesn’t have to be all bad! Algebra is simply the use of letters rather than numbers to help describe a value that can vary (a variable) or for a value that is simply not known. I hope … Read More

Chromatography

Chromatography is a practical technique used to separate and identify the components in a mixture. Chromatography involves a mixture being dissolved in a mobile phase (which could be a liquid or a gas) that is then passed through an immobile … Read More

Organic synthesis

So there’s no great rhyme or reason as to how best to work through organic synthesis, so in Gojimo we’ve decided to lay out some practical examples and rules to help guide you through! Without further ado let’s get stuck … Read More

Amines

First things first we’re going to look at Bronsted-Lowry theory. This was an idea brought about by two guys called Johannes Nicolaus Bronsted and Thomas Martin Lowry. According to their theory on acids and bases, a base is a compound … Read More

Infrared spectroscopy

Before we get into infrared spectroscopy, it’s probably best to know what a spectrometer is. Well, it’s an instrument that is used to pass infrared radiation through a sample in order to measure how much of the radiation is absorbed. … Read More