Chemical changes

Before we look at chemical change, let’s first get familiar with some of the theory behind the practical stuff. One of the most popular theories about how life formed on Earth is based on experiments by Miller and Urey. Stanley … Read More

Quantitative chemistry

I am sure it comes as no surprise that here we’re going to look at some rules and equations to guide you through quantitative chemistry. So let’s first look at some principles to stick to when thinking about equations. A … Read More

Bonding

In this section there is quite a lot to cover so let’s get stuck in to ionic bonding. Ionic bonding happens between positive and negative ions which attract each other, kind of like magnets! When they bind together they form … Read More

Structure and the properties of matter

In this section we’re going to take a look at the different properties of different elements and how this impacts their abilities. Let’s first draw some comparisons between different elements. Compounds and elements, whilst they are similar, are different due … Read More

The Periodic Table

In this section we’re going to focus on the classification of elements in the periodic table. It might be handy to have a periodic table to look at whilst you’re wrapping your head around this. The periodic table arranges chemical … Read More

Atomic structure

First things first atoms are the building blocks of matter – we’re clear on that. However, even atoms are made up of stuff, and the smaller stuff is known as sub-atomic particles. In this section it’s these sub-atomic particles that … Read More

Chromatography

Chromatography is a practical technique used to separate and identify the components in a mixture. Chromatography involves a mixture being dissolved in a mobile phase (which could be a liquid or a gas) that is then passed through an immobile … Read More

Organic synthesis

So there’s no great rhyme or reason as to how best to work through organic synthesis, so in Gojimo we’ve decided to lay out some practical examples and rules to help guide you through! Without further ado let’s get stuck … Read More

Amines

First things first we’re going to look at Bronsted-Lowry theory. This was an idea brought about by two guys called Johannes Nicolaus Bronsted and Thomas Martin Lowry. According to their theory on acids and bases, a base is a compound … Read More

Infrared spectroscopy

Before we get into infrared spectroscopy, it’s probably best to know what a spectrometer is. Well, it’s an instrument that is used to pass infrared radiation through a sample in order to measure how much of the radiation is absorbed. … Read More