As it’s name would suggest the Supreme Court is very important and it’s rulings are often of big significance.
In simple terms the Supreme Court is the final court of appeal in the UK for civil cases, and for criminal cases from England, Wales and Northern Ireland. It hears cases of the greatest public or constitutional importance affecting the whole population – so just to reiterate, it’s a big deal!
This being said, the Supreme Court is not part of the Core Executive. Though definitions of the Core Executive differ, the Supreme Court is distinctly separate from it having been part of the legislature until 2009 and subsequently separated even from its place within the House of Lords.
The court is composed of the President and Deputy President and ten Justices of the Supreme Court. They are not subject to term limits but may be removed from office on the address of Parliament.
Brenda Hale was the first female Law Lord in the UK. Dame Brenda Hale has been a Lady Justice of Appeal since 1999, and has since become one of 12 Law Lords. Senior appeal judge Lady Justice Hale has been a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary in 2003.
As of January 2016 Baroness Hale remains the only woman ever to have sat on the Supreme Court of England and Wales. In fact as ridiculous as it may sound, there have been more people called Nicholas (two) than women in the Supreme Court!