Nations and nationalism

As you may or may not already know, a nation is a place with which a group of people identify and share a sense of attachment and belonging. This feeling is usually derived from a common language, history, culture or … Read More

Models of health

Just so you know — and you should know — the main models of health are the biomedical model and the social model. First up, the social model emphasises that health is defined relative to what is considered normal. It … Read More

What would Marx say

As you’re no doubt aware, Marx had a lot to say about work, poverty and welfare. This in turn means that Marxists have a lot to say about work, poverty and welfare — and you have to learn it. Lucky … Read More

Willis’ 1977 research in schools

Way back in 1977, Paul Willis released some pretty groundbreaking research on schools that went on to contradict many structuralist accounts (both functionalist praise and Marxist criticism) about how schools create a docile and obedient workforce. Just so you know, … Read More

Royal prerogative

So the Royal Prerogative almost certainly isn’t one of the first things that comes to mind when thinking about politics in the UK – however it is in fact one of the most significant elements of our constitution. Now the … Read More

The Supreme Court

As it’s name would suggest the Supreme Court is very important and it’s rulings are often of big significance. In simple terms the Supreme Court is the final court of appeal in the UK for civil cases, and for criminal … Read More

Legal Bills

Okay so we’re not talking about the kind of bill you get when you leave a restaurant – here we’re focusing on the implementation of new laws. A Bill is a proposal for a new law, or a proposal to … Read More

UK Law

The first thing to be clear on, which also makes things quite confusing, is that the different countries making up the UK don’t actually have the same laws. The legal systems of England and Wales are the same; but there … Read More

Government and politics of the UK

So government and politics, quite a broad topic as you can imagine. In this section we’re going to take a look at some of the themes that are likely to creep up in an exam – a sort of introduction. … Read More


It may sound obvious but flooding occurs due to a sudden increase in the amount of water travelling down a river, and can happen for a number of reasons: a rapid snowmelt, a prolonged period of heavy rain, a sudden … Read More